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By Naveed Nizar Ali and company

By Niyaz Noor and company

Ibn al-Haytham was a Fatimid-era scholar and polymath who wrote over 200 scientific works in subjects like astronomy, mathematics, medicine, optics, philosophy, and physics.

Born in 965 CE, Ibn al-Haytham is considered by many to be the world’s first scientist. He also invented the camera obscura, the earliest avatar of the modern digital camera that you carry around in your pocket.

Karim Moledina (centre) enjoys a picnic with the Rovers of Darkhana Scout Group. In 2011, Moledina marked 50 years with the Scouts movement.

Karim Moledina has been a Scout for 50 years. In that time he has worked his way up through the organisation, steadily widening his scope of impact from his local roots in Mumbai to the national stage in India, and, more recently, beyond national borders to the Democratic Republic of Congo and Tajikistan. Through the Scouting movement, he is enabling young people to put their values into action.

A sign posted at an Ashram run by an Indian NGO that helps child labourers decries child exploitation.

It is believed to be one of the fastest growing forms of organised crime in the world, though most people ignore it or are simply unaware. But through a five-part series currently being aired on BBC World Television, executive producer Faridoun Hemani and researcher Jazzmin Jiwa hope to change that. They assert that human trafficking is a modern form of slavery.

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